Asylum is protection given by a country to someone who is fleeing persecution in their own country. To be recognised as a refugee, you must have left your country and be unable to go back because you have a well-founded fear of persecution.
To be recognised as a refugee, you must have left your country and be unable to go back because you have a well-founded fear of persecution because of your:
- political opinion; or
- membership of a particular social group.
The UK also adheres to the European Convention on Human Rights, which provides for individuals’ human rights and prevents the UKBA from sending an individual to a country where there is a real risk that they will be exposed to torture, or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
If you do not qualify for asylum, if there are humanitarian or other reasons suggesting you should stay in the UK, you may be given temporary permission to stay here.